Grateful 
acknowledgement 
is given to Encyclopaedia Britannica for allowing us to link to their site.


 
Index of People



People may be listed by their first or second name depending on how they are best known or referred to on this site.


A

Abdülaziz I (1830-1876) - Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1861-1876). Read more 

Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan  (Mirza Ghiyas Beg)-  father of Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Banu Begum).

Achilles – Mythical Greek hero who took part in the Trojan War. Read more

Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen (1792–1849) – Queen of William IV. 

Adrian de Vries – (1556–1626) – Sculptor born in the Netherlands who worked in Italy.

Agamemnon - Mythical Greek King who led the Greek forces in the Trojan War.  Read more

Ahmed I (1590-1617) Ottoman Sultan (1603-1617) Built the Blue Mosque in Istanbul. Read more    

Akbar I (the Great) (1542-1605) Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605) who tripled the size of the Mughal Empire.

Al Capone (1899-1947) – American Gangster.  Read more

Alexander I (1777-1825) – Russian Tsar (1801-1825) Emperor during Napoleon’s invasion of Russia.    Read more

Alexander II (1818-1881) - Russian Tsar (1855-1881) Was assassinated on the spot where the church on Spilled Blood was built.  Read more

Alexander III (1845-1894) - Russian Tsar (1881-1894) Known as the “Peacemaker” as during his reign Russia fought no major wars.  Read more

Alexander the Great (356-323 BC) – King of Macedonia (336-323 BC) Also King of Persia, Asia and Pharaoh of Egypt he created one of the largest Empires of the Ancient World.   Read more

Alexandra (1872-1918) Consort of Russian Tsar Nicholas II.  Read more

Alexandra Branicka, Countess (1754-1838) Lady-in-waiting to Catherine II of Russia.

Alexandra Fleming, Sir (1881-1955) Bacteriologist - Discover of penicillin.   Read more

Amenhotep (Amenophsis) III (1390–1353 BC)– Egyptian Pharaoh.  Read more

Amon Ra (Amun) (Amon) – Egyptian God who was the king of the gods.   Read more

Andrea Pisano (1270-1290) Italian Sculptor who worked on the baptistery at Florence.     Read more

Anna Ioannovna (1693- 1740) – Russian Empress (1730-1740).  Read more

Anne (1665-1714) – British Queen (1702-07) The last monarch of the House of Stuart.  Read more

Anne Boleyn  (1501-1536) - English Queen (1533-36) second wife of Henry VIII. Executed for adultery, incest and treason.    Read more

Antoni Gaudi (1852- 1926) –  Spanish Architect.   Read more 

Antoninus Pius (86-161)- Roman Emperor (138 to 161).   Read more

Anubis - Egyptian God associated with mummification and the afterlife.   Read more

Apollo – Roman God, , son of Zeus and Leto and brother of Artemis.  Read more

Arnolfo di Cambio (1245-1301/10) Italian sculptor and architect. Designed the Duomo in Florence.   Read more 

Artemis – Greek Goddess of wild animals, the hunt, vegetation, chastity and childbirth. Daughter of Zeus and Leto and sister of Apollo.  Read more

Athena - Greek Goddess of war and handicraft, city protector of Athens.   Read more

Athena Nike – Greek Goddess of victory.  Read more

Augustus Caesar (63-14 BC) – First Roman Emperor (27-14 BC) Obtained power following the civil war after the death of Julius Caesar.  Read more 

Aurungzeb (1618-1707) Mughal emperor (1658-1707) The last great Mughal emperor when the empire reached its greatest extent.  Read more

B

Baalat – The main god of Byblos (modern day location Jbail, Lebanon) also used as a synonym for the special goddess of a region.  Read more

Bernini, Gian Lorenzo (1598-1680) - Italian sculptor, artist and architect. Worked in Rome for a number of Popes.  Read more

Bernt Notke (1440-1509) – German Painter and Sculptor    Read more

Bishop (Saint) Hugh of Lincoln (1140-1200) Carried out extensive work on Lincoln Cathedral, England.   Read more

Bishop Maurice (10??-1107) Bishop of London and Chaplain to William the Conqueror 

Bo Jonsson Grip (133?-1386) Head of the Royal Council of Sweden. Read more

Boniface IV (550-615) – Christian Pope (608-615) responsible for converting the Pantheon into a church.   Read more

Bugsy Siegel (1906-1947) – American gangster involved with the development of Las Vegas gambling.  Read more 


C

Caligula (Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus) (12-41 AD) - Roman Emperor (37-41 AD).   Read more 

Caracalla (Marcus Aurelius Severus Antoninus Augustus) (188-217) - Roman Emperor (Co-ruler 198-211, Sole 211-217)  Read more 

Carl XVI Gustaf (1946- ) - Swedish King (1973- ).  Read more

Castor and Pollux – twin Greek and Roman mythological deities who succoured shipwrecked sailors and received sacrifices for favourable winds.  Read more 

Catherine Howard(1524-1542) - English Queen 5th wife of Henry VIII.  Read more 

Catherine II (the Great) (1729-1796) - Russian Empress (1762-1796) took Russia into the modern era and extended its territories.   Read more 

Chaac (Chac) – Mayan rain god.   Read more    

Charles Barry (Sir) (1795-1860) British Architect involved with the design of the British Houses of Parliament.     Read more

Charles I (1600-1649) - English King (1625-1649) Executed following the English civil war.  (1625-1649).   Read more

Charles II (1630-1685) - English King (1660-1685) He was restored to the throne after a period of exile.   Read more

Charles IV (1316-1378) Holy Roman Emperor (1346-1378).   Read more

Cheops (Khufu) – Egyptian Pharaoh (2589-2566 BC)  Builder of the Great Pyramid of  Giza.  Read more

Chong Zhen (1611-1644) Chinese Emperor (1627-1644).  Read more   

Chou En Lai (Zhou Enlai(1898-1976) First Premier of the People’s Republic of China.  Read more

Christian IV (1577-1648) King of Denmark and Norway (1588-1648). Read more

Christian V (1646-1699) King of Finland and Norway (1670-1699) First King anointed in Frederiksborg Castle as absolute monarch.  Read more

Christopher Wren, Sir (1632-1723) English architect designer of St Paul’s Cathedral.   Read more

CiXi (1835-1908) - Chinese Empress Dowager.   Read more  

Cleisthenes (570-508 BC) Athenian statesman regarded as founder of democracy.     Read more  

Commodus  (161-192) – Roman Emperor (177 co-ruler 180-192)  Read more  

Constantine I (the Great) (28?-337) - Roman Emperor (306-337) First Christian Emperor.   Read more 

Constantine II (316-340) – Roman Emperor  (337-340).  Read more

Constantine IX (1000-1055) - Byzantine Emperor (1042-1055). Read more

Cronus – Greek God.  Read more


D

Diana Princes of Wales (Diana Spencer) (1961-1997) First wife of Prince Charles heir to the British throne. Killed in a car crash.  Read more 

Diocletian (244-311) - Roman Emperor (284–305).  Read more  

Djoser - Pharaoh of Egypt of the 3rd dynasty constructed the funerary complex at Saqqarah which includes the step pyramid.  Read more  

Domitian Domitian (51-96) - Roman Emperor (81-96) Last of the Flavian dynasty. Completed the Colosseum of Rome.   Read more 

Duke of Wellington Wellington - Arthur Wellesley (1769-1852) Field Marshal, 1st Duke of Wellington – British soldier and statesman – defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo.  Read more

Duke of Windsor (Edward VIII) (1894-1972) - British King (Jan 1936- Dec 1936) Abdicated the throne in order to marry Wallis Simpson.  Read more


E

Edward I (Edward Longshanks) (1239-1307) - English King (1272-1307).  Read more  

Edward III (1312-1377) - English King (1327-1377) Developed England into a significant military power.  Read more  

Edward IV (1442-1483) - English King (1461-1470) Involved with the War of the Roses.  Read more 

Edward the Confessor (100?-1066) - English King (1042-1066) last of the House of Wessex (Anglo Saxon).  Read more 

Edward V (1470-1483) - English King (Apr 1483-Jun 1483) One of the two ‘Princess in the Tower’ possibly murdered by Richard III.  Read more

Edward VIII Edward VIII (Duke of Windsor ) – See Duke of Windsor.  Read more  

Eleanor of Castile (1246-1290) - English Queen consort to Edward I.  Read more  

Elizabeth (Elizabeth Petrovna Romanova) (1709-1762)– Russian Empress (1741-1762) Carried out major building projects on a number of palaces.   Read more 

Elizabeth I (1533-1603) - English Queen (1558-1603) known as ‘The Virgin Queen’ and ‘Good Queen Bess’. Her rule is known as the Elizabethan Age, which was a time of significant development for England. Read more  

Elizabeth II (1926- ) – Queen of the United Kingdom (1952- ) and Head of the Commonwealth.  Read more  

Emilio de Fabris (1808-1883) Italian Architect worked on the Basilica di Santa Maria del Fiore (Duomo) in Florence. 

Erik XIV (1533-1577) - Swedish King (1560 –1568) he also was ruler of Estonia following Sweden’s conquest in 1561. He was deposed and probably murdered.   Read more  


F

Felix Yusupov (1887-1967) Russian aristocrat involved in the assassination of Grigori Rasputin in 1916.  Read more

Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) Italian Architect and Engineer designed the dome of the Duomo in Florence.  Read more

Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) English social reformer and founder of modern nursing.   Read more  

Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli (1700-1771) Architect known for his work on palaces of St Petersburg.   Read more  

Francesco Talenti  (1300-1369) Architect and Sculptor. Worked on the Duomo in Florence.

Francis Tresham (1567-1605) Involved with the Gunpowder Plot to blow up the Palace of Westminster during the state opening of Parliament. He died in the Tower of London but of natural causes. 

Francisco Pizarro (1475-1541) Spanish Conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire. Read more 

Frank Crow (1882-1946) Chief engineer during the construction of the Hoover Dam.  

Frederick I (1657-1713) King of Prussia (1701-1713). Read more

Frederick Wilhelm I (1688-1740) King of Prussia (1713-1740).  Read more   


G

Genghis Khan (Temujin) (1162-1227) Mongol Emperor (1206-1227) and founder of the Mongol Empire.  Read more

George “Machine Gun” Kelly  (1897-1954) American criminal and inmate of Alcatraz Prison.  Read more    

George I (1660-1727) – British King (1714-1727)  First King of the House of Hanover. During his reign power passed from the monarch to the government.   Read more  

George II (1683-1760) - British King (1727-1760) Last British monarch born outside Great Britain.    Read more  

George III (1738-1820) - British King (1760-1820) who lost the American Colonies but gained Ireland. Suffered from mental illness.    Read more

George IV (1762-1830) - British King (1820-1830) developed Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle.  Read more 

George W. Goethals (1858-1928) American Engineer who directed the construction of the Panama Canal.   Read more  

Gerolamo Cassar (1520-156?)  Maltese Architect who designed the Palace of the Grand Master in Valletta.  Read more  

Giacomo Casanova (1725-1798) Italian adventure and writer. Famous for his affairs with women.  Read more   

Giotto di Bondone (1266/7-1337) Italian Painter and Architect. Designed the campanile in the Duomo, Florence.  Read more   

Giovanni Pisano (1250-1315) Italian Sculptor Worked on Pisa and Sienna  Cathedrals. Read more 

Gordian I (159-238) – Roman Emperor (238 for one month only during the Year of the Six Emperors.   Read more   

Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich (1891-1942) Russian Aristocrat involved with the assignation of Grigori Rasputin.

Grigory Potemkin (1739-1791) Russian Statesman and military leader. Read more   

Güell, Eusebi (1846-1918) – Spanish Count. 

Gustav I Vasa (1496-1560) King of Sweden (1523 –1560) Obtained independence from Denmark. Read more

Gustav III (1746-1792) - Swedish King (1771–1792).  Read more   

Gustav IV Adolf (1778-1837) - Swedish King (1792-1837) The last Swedish ruler of Finland.    Read more  

Guy Fawkes (1570-1606) Conspirator in the Gunpowder Plot which intended to blow up the Palace of Westminster during the state opening of Parliament. Read more  

 

H

Hadrian  (76-138) - Roman Emperor (117-138) Known for building the wall that marked the northern limit of Roman Britain and rebuilding the Pantheon.  Read more 

Hannibal (247-183/181 BC) Carthaginian General known for crossing the Alps with elephants to attack Rome in the Second Punic War.  Read more

Harold  (Harold Godwinson) (1020-1066) - Last Anglo-Saxon English King (9 months in 1066). Killed at the Battle of Hastings  Read more  

Hasdrubal (the Fair) (270-221 BC)  - Carthaginian military leader who founded Carthagena.   Read more

Hatshepsut (1508-1458 BC) – Ruler of Egypt (1473-1458 BC) Ruled as Regent and in her own right.  Read more

Henry I (1069-1135) - English King (1100-1135).  Read more

Henry II (Henry Plantagenet) (1133-1189) - English King (1154-1189) Responsible for the murder of Thomas Becket the Archbishop of Canterbury.   Read more 

Henry III (1207-1272)- English King (1216-1272) during the Barons War.  Read more

Henry IV (1367-1413) - English King who deposed Richard II to become King.  Read more 

Henry VII (Henry Tudor) (1457-1509) - English King first of the House of Tudor. Won the throne by defeating Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field.     Read more  

Henry VIII (1491-1547)  - English King (1509-1547) Separated the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church (the Reformation) and the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Also known for his six wives.      Read more  

Hera – Wife of Zeus in Greek Mythology.  Read more

Herbert Hoover (1874-1964)  President of the USA (1929-1933) Read more 

HermesSon of Zeus in Greek Mythology.   Read more  

Hongwu (Zhu Yuanzhang) (1328-1398) – Chinese Emperor (1368-1398) – Founder and First Emperor of the Ming Dynasty.    Read more  



I

Inca Roca (14th century) 6th Inca Ruler. Developed the administration systems and irrigation by channelling river.   Read more  

Inigo Jones (1573-1652)  English Architect and Artists. Read more

Itmad-ud-Daula (Mirza Ghiyas Beg) (?-1622)-  Official of the Mughal Empire and grandfather of Mumtaz Mahal. His name, meaning ‘Pillar of the State’ was awarded by the emperor due to his service to the state. His tomb in Agra is known as the Baby Taj as it was the architectural predecessor to the Taj Mahal.

Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) (1530-1584) - Russian Tsar (1547-1584) The first ruler to be crowned Tsar.  Read more  



J

Jacopo Sansovino  (1486-1470) Italian Sculptor and Architect.  Read more  

Jahangir (1569-1627) – Indian Emperor (1605-1627).  Read more  

James I (1566-1625) - English King (1603-1625) also King of Scotland as James VI.  Read more  

Jasaw Chan K’awil - Mayan King of Tikel (682-734). 

Jayavarman VII (1120/25-1220) - King of the Khmer (Cambodian) Empire (1181-1220). Developed the temple complex of Angor Thom.   Read more  

Jean de La Cassiere (1502-1581) Grandmaster of the Order of Malta of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta (1572-1581).

Jesus Christ (Jesus of Nazareth) (6/4 BC-30 AD)  Religious leader and central figure for the Christian Religion.  Read more   

JiaJing (1507-1566/7) Chinese (Ming) Emperor (1522-1567).   Read more  

Jia Qing (1760-1820) – Chinese (Qing) Emperor (1796-1820). Read more

JianWen (1377-1402) Chinese (Ming) Emperor (1398-1402) Removed from power by his uncle following a civil war. Read more   

Jitamitra Malla, Raja (1663-1696) – King of Bhaktapur, Nepal (1673-1696) Constructed a number of buildings in Durbar Square, Kathmandu.  

Johann Ludwig Burckhardt (1784-1817) Swiss Author Discovered the archaeological site of Petra.  Read more  

John (1166-1216) – King of England (1199-1216) Following the revolt of the barons he sealed the Magna Carter (1215).  Read more  

John F. Stevens (1853-1943) American Engineer – Chief engineer on the Panama Canal (1905-1907).  Read more

John the Baptist (1st century BC) Jewish Prophet.  Read more  

Josef Jakobs (1898-1941) German Spy. The last person executed in the Tower of London.

Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) - Roman General, Statesman and Author. Dictator of Rome (46-44 BC) Assassinated.   Read more  

Juno – Roman Goddess of the Capitoline triad.  Read more   

Jupiter –  Chief Roman God identified with the Greek god Zeus   Read more   

Justinian I (Justinian the Great) (483-565) - Byzantine Emperor.  Read more  


K

Kafka (1883-1924) Writer.    Read more  

Karel von Mander (1548-1606) Dutch Painter and Writer.   Read more

Karin Månsdotter (1550-1612) - Swedish queen consort of Eric XIV.

Karl (Charles) XI (1655-1697) King of Sweden (1660-1697). Read more

Khafre (Chephren) (2576-2551 BC approx.) - Pharaoh of Egypt Built the second largest pyramid at Giza.   Read more  

Khepri - Egyptian god connect with the scarab beetle. Read more

Khufu (Cheops) - Pharaoh of Egypt (2589-2566 BC approx.) Builder of the Great Pyramid of Giza. Read more  

Kristina (Christina) (1626-1689) – Swedish Queen (1644-54) who abdicated.   Read more   

Kublai Khan (1215-1294) – Mongol Emperor of China (1260-1294)  founder of the Yuan Dynasty.   Read more    

Kukulkan - Feather Serpent deity in Mayan mythology. Associated with Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. 

Kutuzov, Mikhail, (1745-1813) Field Marshal, Russian Military Commander who repelled Napoleon’s invasion of Russia.    Read more 


L

Lady Jane Grey (1537-1554)- English Queen for 9 days in 1553.  Read more  

Lady of Cao (430-450 approx) The Female Moche mummy found at El Brujo in Peru. 

Lawrence, T.E (Lawrence of Arabia) (1888-1935) Scholar and Military Strategist known for his exploits in the Middle East during World War I.  Read more

Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) (1870-1924) Leader of the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and First head of the Soviet State.  Read more 

Lord Byron, George Gordon (1778-1824) British Poet.    Read more  

Lord Elgin (Thomas Bruce 7th Earl of Elgin) (1766-1841) Art Collector who obtained the Greek Sculptures  now known as the “Elgin Marbles”. Read more  

Lord Kitchener (Horatio Herbert Kitchener) (1850-1916) Field Marshal, British Soldier and Statesman.   Read more  

Lorenzo Ghiberti (1378-1455) Italian Artist who created the bronze doors for the Baptistery for the Duomo in Florence.  Read more   

Lucy of Bolingbroke (?-113?) the Countess of Chester owned extensive lands in Lincolnshire. 



M

Manco Capac (12th/13th century)  Inca Ruler – Established and was first Inca ruler of the Kingdom of Cusco.  Read more  

Manco Inca (Yupanqui) (1516 -1544) – Last Inca Leader (1534-1544).   Read more  

Marcus Aggrippa(64/3-12 BC), Roman General and Statesman.  Read more 

Marcus Antonius, Gordianus Sempronianus  (Gordian I) (157-238) – Proconsul of North Africa. Roman Emperor for three weeks.    Read more 

Marcus Aurelius  (121-180) - Roman Emperor (161-180).   Read more  

Margaret Thatcher  (1925-2013) British Prime Minister (1979-1990).  Read more  

Maria Alexandrovna (1824-1880) wife of Russian Tsar Alexander II. 

Maria Theresa  (1717-1780) Queen of Hungary and Bohemia (1740-1780).  Read more 

Mars – Roman God of war.  Read more 

Mary I (Mary Tudor, Bloody Mary) (1516-1558) - English Queen (1553-1558).  Read more  

Mary II (1662-1694) - Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-1694) Wife of William III.    Read more 

Mary Queen of Scots (Mary Stuart) (1542-1587) Implicated in a plot to assassinate Elizabeth I resulted in her execution.   Read more   

Matilda (Maude), Empress (1102-1167) was a claimant to the English throne during the civil war in England known as the Anarchy.  Read more

Matteo Perez d’Aleccio (1547–1616) Italian Painter Worked in Malta on the Grand Masters Palace and in Seville and Lima.

Maximinus I (173-238) – Roman Emperor (235-238).    Read more  

Mecid I (Abdulmecid) (1823-1861) – Ottoman Sultan (1839-1861). Read more

Mehmed II (the Conqueror) (1432-1481) – Ottoman Sultan (1444-1446 and 1451-1481) Captured Constantinople and brought the Byzantine Empire to an end, converted the Hagia Sophia from a church to a mosque. Read more  

Menkaure (Mid 26th century BC)- Pharaoh of Egypt during the 4th Dynasty. Constructed the 3rd and smallest pyramid at Giza.   Read more  

Menshikov, Aleksandr Danilovich (1673-1729) - Russian political figure during and after the reign of Peter I.  Read more   

Michelangelo (1475-1564) Italian Artist, Sculptor, Architect.  Read more   

Mike O'Callaghan (1929-2004) Governor of Nevada from 1971–1979,

Minerva – Roman Goddess identified with Greek Athena.   Read more  

Mirza Ghiyas Beg  See Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan.  

Montferrand , Auguste (1786-1858) French Architect work mainly in Russia - St Isaac’s Cathedral, Alexander Column.    Read more  

Mumtaz Mahal (Ar-ju-mand Banu Begum) (1593-1631) Mughal Empress and chief Consort to Shah Jahan. Is entombed in the Taj Mahal.  Read more

Mussolini, Benito Amilcare Andrea (183-1945) - Italian Politician and Leader of the Fascist Party. Prime Minister (1922-1943).   Read more  

Mut – Egyptian Goddess – wife of Amon-Ra.  Read more


N

Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) – French Emperor (1804-1814).  Read more  

Neptune – Roman God of the sea.   Read more  

Nero (37-68)  - Roman Emperor (54-68).   Read more   

Nicholas II (1868-1618) – Russian Tsar (1894-1917) Last Tsar, executed with his wife and children by the Bolsheviks.  Read more 

Nickolai Yusupov (1750-1831) Russian Nobleman and art collector.

Nicola Pisano (1220-1278/84) Italian Sculptor who produced the pulpit in the baptistery in Pisa.   Read more   



O

Odysseus - Greek Mythological Hero of the Trojan War.   Read more

Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) English Soldier and Statesman  - Leader of the parliamentary forces in the English civil war. Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Wales (1653-1658).  Read more  



P

Pakal (Pacal) (the Great) (K'inich Janaab' Pakal) (603-683) – Maya Leader at Palenque (615-683).

Pachacuti (1438-1471) – Inca Leader (1438-1471) Constructed Machu Picchu.   Read more  

Pat Tillman (1976-2004), American football player who left a professional career and joined US Army serving in the Army Rangers. He was killed in Afghanistan.  

Paul I (1754-1801) - Russian Tsar (1796-1801)   Read more   

Pericles (495-429 BC) Athenian Statesman. Developed Democracy, Constructed the Acropolis.   Read more    

Peter I (the Great)  (1672-1725) - Russian Tsar (1682-1721) Moved Capital of Russia from Moscow to St Petersburg.    Read more  

Peter II (1715-1730) – Russian Tsar (1727-1730).  Read more

Philip II (382-336 BC) King of Macedonia (359-336 BC) Farther of Alexander the Great.  Read more  

Pizarro, Hernando (1476-1541) Spanish Conquistador conquered the Inca Empire and founded Lima.    Read more   

Pol Pot (1925-1998) Cambodian Political Leader of the Khmer Rouge.   Read more 

Pompey (the Great) (Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus) (106-48 BC) Roman General and Statesman.  Read more

Pope Benedict XVI  (1927- ) – Christian Pope (2005- Resigned 2013)  Read more  

Pope Clement (1264-1314) – Christian Pope (1305-1314) Suppressed the order of the Knights Templar by executing many of their member. Moved the papal residence to Avignon.  Read more

Pope Paul III (1468-1549) – Christian Pope (1534-1549).  Read more

Pope Sixtus V (1520-1590) – Christian Pope (1585-1590).  Read more  

Pope Urban VIII (1568-1644) – Christian Pope (1623-1644).  Read more  

Poseidon – Greek God  of the sea.  Read more  

Pratap Malla (1624-1674) – King of Kantipur (Nepal) (1641-1674) Constructed most of the buildings around Durbar Square, Kathmandu. 

Prince Charles (Prince of Wales) (1948- )  Heir apparent to the British throne.  Read more  

Princess Margaret (1930-2002)   British Princess, Countess of Snowdon. 

PuYi (1906-1967) – Chinese Qing Emperor (1908-1912 then briefly 1917) Last Chinese emperor forced to abdicate following the Republican Revolution of 1911.  Read more  


Q


Qian Long (1711-1799)  - Chinese  (Qung Dynast) Emperor (1735-1796). Read more

Qin Shi Huangdi (Shihuangdi) (259-210 BC) – Chinese (Qin Dynasty) Emperor (221-210 BC) United the warring states and created China.  Read more



R

Rama I (1737-1909) - King of Siam (now Thailand) (1782-1809) Moved the capital to Bangkok.  Read more  

Rama II (1768-1824) King of Siam (now Thailand) (1809-1824).  Read more

Rama III (1788-1851) - King of Siam (now Thailand) (1824-1851).   Read more  

Rama IV (Monkut) (1804-1868) - King of Siam (now Thailand) (1851-1868). Read more   

Rama V (Chulalongkorn) (1853-1910) - King of Siam (now Thailand) (1868-1910).  Read more   

Rama VI (Vajiravudh) (1880-1925) - King of Siam (now Thailand) (1910-1925). Read more

Ramses (Ramesses) II (Ramesses the Great) (1303-1213 BC) - Egyptian Pharaoh (1279-1213 BC) Carried out extensive building works.   Read more 

Ramses III - Egyptian Pharaoh  (1187-1156 BC).   Read more  

Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino) (1483-1520) Italian Painter and Architect.   Read more   

Rasputin, Grigory (1869-1916) Russian monk killed to remove the influence that he had over the Tsar Nicholas II and Empress Alexandra.   Read more  

Red Queen (Tz'ak-bu Ajaw), the wife of Maya Leader Pakal.

Richard I (the Lion-heart)  (1157-1199) - English King (1189-1199).   Read more   

Richard II (1367-1400) - English King (1377-1399) Deposed by his cousin.   Read more  

Richard III (1452-1485) - English King (1483-1485) Believed to have had the ‘Two Princess in the Tower’ murdered. He was the last English king to die in battle.    Read more  

Robert Franklin Stroud (the Birdman of Alcatraz) (1890-1963) American Criminal.  Read more   

Rudolf Hess (1894-1987) German Deputy Fuhrer (1933-1941).  Read more   



S


Saint Andrew, the Apostle (Early-mid 1st century)  One of Jesus’s 12 apostles.  Read more  

Saint Barnabas (1st century) Christian Martyr, Patron Saint of Cyrus Worked with Paul the Apostle

Saint Christopher (3rd century) Christian Martyr, Patron Saint of travelers.  Read more

Saint George (280-30?)  Christian Martyr.  Read more

Saint Helena (Helen) (248-328) Roman Empress, Mother of Constantine the Great.  Read more 

Saint Henry – English Bishop who accompanied the Finish King on Crusade in mid-12th century. Became first bishop and Patron Saint of Finland.  Read more   

Saint Isaac the Great (345-439) Christian Saint.  Read more

Saint James (Early-mid 1st century) Christian Saint.  Read more   

Saint  John the Apostle (John the Evangelist) (6-100 AD)  Read more   

Saint Jude

Saint Mark (?-68 AD) author of the Gospel of St Mark.  Read more  

Saint Paul the Apostle (?-62/4) Read More  

Saint Peter the Apostle (?-64) Leader of the Disciples and first Pope.  Read More    

Saint Wenceslas  (Wenceslas I) (907-929) Duke of Bohemia. Read more

Sargon II – King of Assyria  (722-705 BC).   Read more 

Saturn - Roman God of seed and sowing, part of his temple still survives in the Roman Forum.   Read more

Scipio Africanus (Scipio the Younger) (184/5-129 BC) - Roman general who destroyed Carthage.  Read more  

Selim II (1524-1574) - Ottoman Sultan (1566-1574).  Read more  

Septimius Severus (145/6-211) - Roman Emperor (193-211).  Read more  

Seti I (?-1279 BC) - Pharaoh of Egypt (1290-1279 BC).   Read more  

Seti II (?-1198 BC) - Pharaoh of Egypt (1204-1198).   Read more  

Severus Alexander (209-235) Roman Emperor (222-235).  Read more   

Shah Jahan (1592-1666) – Mughal Emperor of India (1628-1658) Built the Taj Mahal.   Read more   

Shakyamuni (The Buddha) (6th-4th century) Founder of Buddhism.  Read more  

Sir John Brownlow (1659-1697) English Politician and lawyer.

Sir Walter Raleigh (1554-1618) English Explorer Imprisoned in Tower of London and executed for treason.  Read more  

Sneferu (Snefru) (25th century BC) - Pharaoh of Egypt built three pyramids.  Read more  

Songtsen Gampo (617-649) Tibetan King Built the Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet.

Stephen (of Blois) (1097-1154) – King of England (1135-1141).   Read more

Suleiman  (the Magnificent) (1494-1566) – Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1520-1566).  Read more

Suryavarman II King of the Khmer Empire (1113-1150)    Read more  


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Taleju – Chief protective deity of Nepal is embodied in the Kumari who is the young virgin girl seen as the living goddess. 

Theodosius I (Theodosius the Great) (347-395) - Roman Emperor East (379-392) East & West (392-395) Last emperor to rule over a united empire. Banned all pagan rituals.   Read more  

Theodosius II (401-450), Eastern Roman emperor (408 to 450).  Read more  

Thutmosis (Thutmose) I - Pharaoh of Egypt (1493-1482 BC) 18th Dynasty.    Read more  

Thutmosis (Thutmose) II Pharaoh of Egypt (1482-1479 BC)  Expanded empire into Nubia.  Read more  

Tiberius (42 BC-37 AD) - Roman Emperor (14-37) Second Roman Emperor.   Read more  

Tintoretto (1518-1594) Italian Painter.   Read more   

Titus (39-81) - Roman Emperor (79-81) As a military commander he destroyed the Temple in Jerusalem.    Read more

Tom Hanks (1956- ) American Actor.  Read more    

Trajan (53-117) - Roman Emperor (98-117) Extended the empire and carried out major construction programmes.   Read more  


U

Umberto I (1844-1900) – Italian King (1878-1900).  Read more   


V

Vespasian (9-79) - Roman Emperor (69-79) Provided stability after the civil war following Nero’s death. Build the Colosseum.   Read more  

Victoria (1819-1901) – British Queen (1837-1901).   Read more  

Viracocha – Inca Leader of the Kingdom of Cusco (1410-1438).  Read more  

Virgin Mary (18 BC-41 AD) Mother of Jesus.  Read more

Vittorio (Victor) Emmanuel II  (1820-1878) – Italian King (1661-1678)   first king of a unified Italy. Read more  


W

WenCheng - – Chinese Princess who married Songtsan Gampo King of Tibet around 1640.   

William C. Gorgas (1854-1920) United States Physician and Surgeon General of US Army (1914-1918) instrumental in the reduction of yellow fever and malaria crucial in the construction of the Panama Canal. Read more 

William I  (William the Conqueror) (Duke of Normandy) (1028-1087) - English King (1066-1087).   Read more  

William III (William of Orange)  (1650-1702)  - King of England, Scotland and Ireland  (1689-1702) Ruled jointly with Mary II.   Read more  

William and Mary  See William III and Mary II

William IV (1765-1837) - King of Great Britain (1830 – 1837) Developed Buckingham Palace, London.   Read more  

William Cockayne, Sir  (1561-1626) Merchant, Governor of Londonderry, Mayor of London (1619-1620)

William Frederick (Fred) Horry (1843-1872)  the first person to be hanged by Victorian hangman William Marwood in 1872.

William Longchamp (?-1197)  English Lord Chancellor and Bishop of Ely (1190-1197).  Read more  

William Tresham, Sir (1404-1450) Major landowner in Northamptonshire. Lawyer and Parliamentary Representative elected Speaker of the House of Commons. 

William Wallace (1270-1305) Scottish Hero who led the fight against the English attempting to gain independence.  Read more  

William Williams Hope (1802-1855) Banker and owner of the Hope Diamond.

Winston Churchill, Sir (1874-1965) British Politician and Prime Minister (1940-1945).   Read more   

 

X

Xuanzang (602-664) Buddhist monk who travelled in search of scared scriptures to translate.      Read more

 

Y

Yik’in Chan Kawil (mid-8th century) Mayan Ruler of Tikal Carried out major building works in Tikal. 

Yongle (also known as Zhu Di) (1360-1424) – Chinese Ming Emperor (1402-1424) Constructed the Forbidden City.    Read more  


Z

Zeus – Chief Greek God identified with the Roman god Jupiter.     Read more  

Zoe (978-1041)  Byzantine Empress (1028-1050).   Read more 




 
 
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